Covered Bridges first time & # 39 appeared in the US around 1805, but the history of these monuments to another age dates back thousands of years in China. Covered bridges also existed in Europe since medieval times, and at one time there were hundreds in Switzerland, Austria and Germany.
But it is here, in the north-eastern United States, where the design and construction of wooden covered bridges have reached its peak in the nineteenth century. A combination of pressing need, a rich old growth northern forests and pure ingenuity Yankees improved the development of wooden bridges to a rare combination of the amazing engineering feats that were also pleasing to the eye.
Why do so many covered bridges in the northeast?
North-east – a region of rivers, streams and creeks. To the extent that jump out of the population in coastal forest villages increased water source. Source of water in these cities was used to power mills, and villages often developed on both banks of a stream or river. Bridges were the obvious answer to connect these divided communities and citizens access to such things as school, service and inventory.
But why do they cover?
While on this subject a lot of reasoning; the simple answer – protection from the elements of the bridge. Here in New England, where I live, covered wooden bridges last about three times longer than those who are exposed to the elements, as well as reduce maintenance of the bridge. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, little has been built bridges.
Interesting facts about the covered bridges …
Most historians agree that the first covered bridge in America became a Permanent Bridge, completed in 1805 in Pennsylvania, originally designed by Timothy Palmer from New England. The longest covered bridge with a & # 39 is Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada, in 1282 which covers the foot of St. John River.
But perhaps the most famous covered bridges are in Madison County, Iowa. Bridges of Madison County were previously numbered 19, but today only six survive. Roman Robert James Waller and the eponymous film popularized these bridges million worldwide, and presented evidence that covered bridges in North America in no way limited to the North-East region.
Frequently asked question: why so many bridges outside painted red?
Historians believe the red coating makes the bridge more like a barn to a horse, and as the horses are usually tricky when passing over tsyachechay water, the illusion helped farmers and travelers navigate the obstacle with small incidents from their four-legged friends.
Changing face covered bridge in North America
As you progress through the twentieth century, the construction of the bridge has changed, and mastnyya products made of metal, have become the first choice of wood. The simplicity of construction, increased strength, and low cost of these metal bridges became too overwhelming to ignore the fiscal community in the US
Bridges "workhorses" of the 19th century gave way to the economy, and most of the wooden covered bridge in the United States quickly disappeared, with the exception of the remaining 800 fans watching today. While many of the other hidden bridges are still moving traffic – even cars – most are stored and maintained for tourism, and they remind us of our heritage.
OVERVIEW PAKRYTALNYH Bridge …
For a lot of & # 39; volume Pennsylvania and Vermont take honors, accounting for over a third of the remaining bridges.
Self-guided tours are also popular in New England for the holidays covered bridge, especially in Vermont and New Hampshire, where many bridges are next to other destinations and attractions.
As an enthusiast on the covered bridge, I can tell you that half the fun – to find bridges. The main highway bypassed the roads where most of the bridges was located many years ago, which makes the distance covered bridge time adventure for accommodation. While covered bridges create there an ideal opportunity for photos than just a pretty picture.
Experts offer to evaluate the bridge, took first in the design and massive beams that are used in the framework. For real bridges the wood came from the shed, where the trees 100 feet were normal.
If you are reading a real covered bridge, remember that it was built for the simple functional purpose – the transition from one bank to another. But it was built with the skill and care of craftsmen who inadvertently left a rich legacy for future generations. Take care of these woodworking masterpieces as you travel through rural North America and again to discover the symbol of the first printer that swept the US and Canada during the nineteenth century.